Israeli Prime Minister Naftali Bennett, Greek Prime Minister Kyriakos Mitsotakis and Cypriot President Nicos Anastasiades met in Jerusalem on December 7 where they reaffirmed the robust cooperation between the three Mediterranean nations, particularly in power, regional security, and stability.
Discussions included cooperation on climate change and the long-term effects of the COVID-19 disaster. Israel, Greece, and Cyprus additionally reportedly launched a trilateral forum for security and pure disaster discount and prevention, to raised prepare for fires and other emergency conditions.
“This cooperation has now been prolonged to incorporate power in its broader sense, not just natural fuel: local weather change, including the outcomes of COP26, the setting, renewables, electrical interconnections, clear power technologies and mutual help in case of wildfires,” Charles Ellinas, senior fellow on the Atlantic Council’s International Power Middle, advised New Europe on December 7.
He reminded that each one three nations have signed inter-governmental agreements supporting the Euro-Asia interconnector, additionally backed by the EU as a challenge of widespread curiosity.
Ellinas famous that although, as regular, there have been expected to be references to the EastMed fuel pipeline, that is not the focus, maybe reflecting the fact that the probability of the venture ever materializing is receding quick, as Europe hastens decarbonization within the mild of the Inexperienced Deal and Match-for-55.
“It appears to me that Greece is heading in the direction of the diplomacy of the inexperienced power,” Constantinos Filis, director of analysis at Institute of Worldwide Relations, advised New Europe by telephone on December 9. “It is obvious that Greece’s authorities in banking on this new actuality that has emerged on the subject of the power map,” he stated. He noted, nevertheless, that natural fuel is and can be necessary for the subsequent decade as a transition gasoline.
Filis reminded that Greece and Egypt agreed in October on a plan to build an undersea cable linking their electrical energy grids. “All these tasks are demanding, and, in fact, they are very formidable. So, we will’t actually inform whether they're going to be materialized or stay on paper because it has occurred with power tasks prior to now.”
Ellinas stated there was anticipated to also be discussion of plans to send Israeli fuel to Egypt for onward exports to Europe and Greece. Greece and Egypt just lately agreed to cooperate within the provide of liquified pure fuel (LNG), including the potential of building a fuel pipeline to attach the two nations, although this will show challenging. “Egypt aspires to develop into the power hub of the East Med and Greece the power hub of southeast Europe – Israel helps both, given their potential to utilize Israeli fuel,” Ellinas stated.
In the course of the summit on December 7, Anastasiades reportedly hailed a current agreement on solar power and water between Israel and Jordan, which was brokered by the United Arab Emirates, noting that the deal manifests the potential of the region as a pioneer in cross-border power cooperation.
Ellinas informed New Europe that the three nations are shifting attention to wash power and potential joint renewables tasks, including technological know-how. “The lately introduced partnerships between Israel and Egypt and Israel and Jordan, brokered by the UAE, involving formidable solar energy and water desalination tasks are an embodiment of this shift,” he stated.
Requested about boosting security within the area, Ellinas stated the summit was expected to reconfirm the importance of the three + 1 affiliation, with the participation of the US, and its significance and contribution to regional security.
Ellinas famous that within the mild of Turkey’s renewed threats to Cyprus, in response to the forthcoming drilling and the award of block 5 in Cyprus EEZ to ExxonMobil, and renewed overtures to Israel to normalise relations, the summit was expected to reconfirm the strategic relationship between the three nations based mostly on shared values. They may also reconfirm help to Cyprus relating to the Cyprus drawback and Varosha.
Requested if it will deter Turkey’s aggressive conduct, Ellinas quipped, “I don't assume so and certain quite the other. On the one hand, and in some respects, Turkey’s aggressive conduct is among the elements that brings these nations closer together, and then again, sarcastically, Turkey sees such cooperation as a menace to itself”.
Filis agreed that regardless of earlier declarations from Greece, Cyprus and Israel, Ankara’s conduct has not changed.
Ellinas argued that Turkey is single-mindedly pursuing an assertive and uncompromising agenda in the East Med, in help of its hegemonistic plans. “It has been making an attempt to separate the East Med nations via overtures to Israel and Egypt and extra just lately the UAE. These summits present the answer. East Med nations value their cooperation and place this above some other regional preparations. Potential normalisation of diplomatic ties with Turkey is just not a substitute and won't endanger this cooperation,” he argued.
The three nations have held multiple summits in recent times with Ellinas including, “The summit offers a chance to reconfirm this and the adherence of the three nations to internationally accepted norms”.